How does GEOlight work
1. In normal conditions, water enters a back drop manhole. This is the upstream manhole and any silt or sediment will collect in the bottom of the chamber. The water then flows along the distribution pipe into the downstream manhole. The upstream pipe work is sized to cope with normal flow conditions. The distribution pipe and attenuation tank are sized to cope with storm conditions. The outflow pipe is sized to cope with the permissible discharge.
2. In storm conditions the flow restrictor (vortex flow control or orifice plate) in the downstream manhole limits the amount of water flowing out of the manhole. This causes the water level in the distribution pipe to rise and water to spill into the GEOlight® reservoirs on either side. As the water level rises in the reservoirs, air is forced out of the high level vents into the upstream manhole.
3. Once the storm has passed, the water level in the GEOlight® reservoirs gradually falls as water passes through the flow restrictor in the downstream manhole. The vents now allow air to return into the GEOlight® reservoirs. Gradually the reservoirs empty. The flow restrictor prevents excess surges of flood water to pass downstream and uses the storage reservoirs to store the water for the period of the storm.
Calculating the storage capacity
The storage capacity of the GEOlight® reservoirs is determined by the maximum outflow permitted, (set by the water company or Environment Agency), the impermeable area of the site and the rainfall return period – normally 1 in 30 years, but again can be dictated by the water company.
For a full design service, including calculations, please contact SDS for details.
- GEOlight design details
- How does GEOlight work?
- Other uses of GEOlight
- GEOlight advantages
- Which GEOlight is for me?